When the crescent is sighted, turn towards Qiblah, raising hands towards the sky, address it as under: -
RABBEE WA RABBUKALLAAHU RABBUL A’ALAMEEN ALLAAHUMMA AHILLAHOO A’LAYNAA BIL-AMNI WAL EEMAANI WAS SALAAMATI WAL ISLAAMI WAL MUSAARA-A’TI ILAA MAA TUH’IBBU WAL TARZ’AA ALLAAHUMMA BAARIK LANAA FEE SHARINAA HAAD’AA WAR-ZUQNAA KHAYRAHOO WA A’WNAHOO WAS’RIF A’NNAA Z’URRAHOO WA SHARRAHOO WA BALAAA-AHOO WA FITNATAHOO.
My Lord and your Lord is Allah, the Lord of the worlds. O Allah for us let this month be a period of peace, faith safety and total submission to Thy will; make us walk apace swiftly to that which Thou likes and approves. O Allah pour out much blessings on us in this month, make available for us its generous good and assistance, and keep us safe from the harm, evil, misfortune and mischief that may try to trap us in this month.
Dua of Imam Zainul Abedin (A.S.):
He used to invoke the following Dua at the beginning of the holy month of Ramadan: -
All praise is due to God who guided us to praise Him, and made us worthy of it in order that we may be grateful for His goodness, and that He may, thereupon confer on us the reward of the righteous.
And all praise be to God, who conferred on us His religion, and distinguished us with His creed, and conducted us into the path of His goodness, in order that, through His grace we may walk along them towards His approbation – a praise which He may accept from us, and on account of which He may be pleased with us.
And praise be to God who ordained His month, the month of Ramadan, the month of fasts, the month of Islam the month of purity, the month of purification and the month of standing up (for prayer) to be one of those paths. In this month the Qur’an was made to descend, as guidance to mankind and contains clear instruction and distinction (between right and wrong).
And He manifested its superiority to all the other months by allotting it abundant honors and celebrated excellence: therefore, He prohibited in it what He had allowed in other months in order to exalt it; and forbade in it food and drink, in order to honor it.
And appointed for it a definite time, which the High and Glorious doth not to be anticipated before it, and would not accept if delayed after it.
Then He gave excellence to one of its nights over a thousand months and named it ‘Lailetul Qadr” the night of Qadr (destiny), wherein descend the angels and the spirit by permission of their Lord, for every matter; peace and everlasting blessing till the dawn of the morning to whomsoever of His servants He will, according to the decree confirmed by Him.
O Lord, bless Mohammad and his Aal (family) and inspire us to know its excellence and honor its dignity, and to abstain from whatever Thou hast forbidden in it; and help us to observe its fasts, by restraining our limbs from disobeying Thee and employing them in that which would please Thee:
So that we may not lend our ears to any vain (speech-such as singing, etc.) and may not direct our eyes towards any amusement; and so that we may not stretch our hands towards anything forbidden, and may not step with our feet towards anything prohibited; and so that nothing may fill our bellies but what Thou hast made lawful and our tongue may not utter anything save what Thou hast permitted; and we may cease to exert ourselves except in that which would bring us nearer Thy reward, and stop doing everything save that which would protect us from Thy torment.
Then, purify all this from showiness loved by the ostentatious and notoriety desired by seekers of fame (so that) we may not, in our worship of Thee, join anyone besides Thee, and may not, therein desire any other object except Thee.
O Lord, bless Mohammad and his Aal (family) and give us grace to perform timely the five prayers with due regard to their limits which Thou hast enjoined and ceremonies which Thou hast prescribed, and times which Thou hast fixed; and in this respect raise us to the rank of those who performed them (i.e., the five daily prayers) with success, who duly observed their essential points, who always performed them at (proper) times, in most perfect and complete purity and most evident and touching humility, according to the rules laid down by Thy servant and Thy apostle, Thy favors on him and his Aal (family), concerning their bows and prostrations and all the other excellent (rites).
And, O Lord, give us grace, in this month, to show favor to our relations and do good to them, and to take care of our neighbours with kindness and benevolence, and to purge our property of obligations, and purify it by giving the legal alms; and to call back him who deserted us, and be just to him who was unjust to us, and make peace with him who was hostile to us-far be it from us to reconcile him who is abhorred on account of Thee and for Thy sake; for, verily he is an enemy whom we will never be on good terms.
And give us grace, therein to approach Thee by means of pure deeds, whereby Thou mayest purify us of sins.
And guard us, therein, from, relapsing into blemishes, so that, none of Thy angels may have occasion to report unto Thee but such of conduct as would (necessarily) fall under the heads of obedience to Thee and means of approaching Thee.
O Lord, I beg Thee for the sake of this month, and for the sake of him who adored Thee in it, from its beginning to the time of its closing, whether he belonged to the class of angels whom Thou didst advance to nearness, or of prophets whom Thou didst send, or of pious servants whom Thou didst distinguish, to bless Muhammad and his Aal (family) and make us, in this month, worthy of that which Thou hast promised to Thy friend out of Thy bounty; and entitled us to that to which Thou hast entitled those who are most diligent in Thy service; and place us in the class of those who deserve high and exalter (rank) by Thy mercy.
O Lord, bless Mohammad and his Aal (family) and restrain us from unbelief in Thy unity, and deficiency in glorifying Thee and entertaining doubt in Thy religion, and being blind to Thy path, and neglecting to honor Thee, and being deceived by Satan, Thy enemy, the stoned one.
O Lord, bless Mohammad and his Aal (family); and since, in every night of the nights of this our month, there are men whom Thy pardon doth liberate, or whom Thy forbearance forgives, therefore, let us be of these men; and let us be to our month the best of people and companions.
O Lord, bless Mohammad and his Aal (family), and obliterate our sins along with the disappearance of its crescent, and remove from us our penalties with the expiration of its days; so that the month may pass from us while Thou hast cleansed us, within it, of guilt’s, and freed us of sins.
O Lord, bless Mohammad and his Aal (family), and if we deviate in it then set us right; and if we hesitate make us firm, and if Satan, Thy enemy, overwhelms us then deliver us from him.
O Lord, fill this month with our worship of Thee alone, and adorn its moments with our service to Thee; and help us in the day-time to observe fast, and at night to pray and beseech Thee and humble (ourselves) unto Thee, and abase (ourselves) in thy presence; so that neither its day may bear witness against us of negligence, nor its night of default.
O Lord, and let us be like this in all the months and days, as long as Thou keeps us alive; and let us be of Thy righteous servants, who will inherit paradise, wherein they shall live forever; and who do give what they give with a fearing heart, for verily, they shall return to Thee! And let us be of those who are prompt in charity and excel therein.
O Lord confers blessings on Mohammad and his Aal (family), in every time and every moment, and in every condition, greater in number to the blessings Thou didst confer on whomsoever Thou didst bless: Verily Thou art the doer of what Thou resolves.
Dua-e-Saher and Niyat
he Dua mentioned in “Misbah” and “Iqbal”, for the time of Saher (Dawn).
YAA MAFZA-E’E I’NDA KURBATEE WA YAA GHAWTHEE I’NDA SHIDDATEE ILAYKA FAZIA TU WA BIKASTAGHATH-TU WA BIKA LUD’TU LAA ALOOD’U BI-SIWAAKA WA LAA AT’LUBUL FARAJA ILLAA MINKA FA-AGHITHNEE WA FARRIJ A’NNEE YAA MAN YAQBALULYASEER WA YAA-FOO A’NIL KATHEER IQBAL MINNIL YASEERA WAA’-FU A’NNIL KATHEER INNAKA ANTAL GHAFOORUR RAH’EEM ALLAAHUMMA INNEE AS-ALUKA EEMAANAN TUBAASHIRU BIHEE QALBEE WA YAQEENAN H’ATTAA AA’-LAMA ANNAHU LAN YUS’EEBANEE ILLAA MAA KATABTA LEE WA RAZ’Z'INEE MINAL A’YSHI BIMAA QASAMTA LEE YAA ARH’AMAR RAAH’IMEEN YAA U’DDATEE FEE KURBATEE WA YAA S’AAH’IBEE FEE SHIDDATEE WA YAA WALIYYEE FEE NIA’-MATEE WA YAA GHAAYATEE FEE RAGHBATEE ANTAS SAATIRU A’WRATEE WAL AAMINU ROO-A’TEE WAL MUQEELU A’THRATEE FAGHFIRLEE KHAT’EEE-ATEE YAA ARH’AMAR RAAH’IMEEN
O my Ultimate Sanctuary when troubles surround me! O my Last Hope when difficulties trouble me! Unto Thee I turn to, before Thee I stand to get help, with Thee I take refuge, except Thee there is no refuge; I do not seek joy after sorrow from anyone save Thee, so come to my help and free me from cares O He who accept even the smallest (efforts) but excuses from restrictions, accept whatever little there is and release from hardships frequently, Verily Thou art Oft-forgiving, Merciful. O Allah I ask for the faith which gives joy, satisfaction and confidence to my heart till I am positively aware that I will not have my fill unless it has been approved for me, and happiness will agree with me only whereby justly and fairly distributed, O the Most Merciful. O my “means” in my troubles! O my Companion in my difficulties! O my Guardian in my happiness! O the ultimate of my inclinations! Thou covers up my shortcomings, affords security in the event of crisis end fearful disasters, therefore, overlook my transgressions, O the Most Merciful.
The Niyat (Intent) for keeping fast.The fasts of the month of Ramadan are obligatory. When the Crescent is sighted we should declare to ourselves that, we will keep all fasts during this month wajib qurbatan ilallah i.e., to attain nearness to Allah. Just like Salat/Namaz (prayers) the Niyat of fasting is mental, and is the case with Niyat of every action. To declare it in words cannot only be defined as Niyat.
IFTAREE (Breaking of Fast)
The time for this is 12 to 15 minutes after Sunset. It is better to offer ‘Magrib Namaz’ and then break one’s fast, preferably with water, milk or dates.
The following Dua may be recited at the time of breaking one’s fast:
ALLAAHUMMA LAKA S’UMTU WA A’LAA RIZQIKA AFT’ARTU WA A’LAYKA TAWAWKKALTU
O my Allah, for Thee, I fast, and with the food Thou gives me I break the fast, and I rely on Thee
Ameer ul-Moomineen Ali Ibne Abi Taalib (A.S.) used to recite the following du’a before Iftaar:
BISMILLAAH ALLAAHUMMA LAKA S’UMNAA WA A’LAA RIZQIKA AFT’ARNAA FA-TAQABBAL MINNAA INNAKA ANTAS SAMEE-U’L A’LEEM
In the name of Allah, O Allah, we fast, and with the food Thou gives us we break the fast, an obligation we fulfill, and Thou art Hearer, Knower
While taking the first mouthful recite:
BISMILLAAHIR RAH’MAANIR RAH’EEM YAA WAASI-A’L MAGHFIRATI IGHFIR LEE
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful, O He whose indulgence is boundless, forgive me
Recite Soorah Al-Qadr.
Give alms in the name of Allah.
Every night do the following:
Every night do the following:
Recite Soorah Al-Qadr 1000 times.
Recite Soorah Al-Dukhaan 100 times.
ALLAAHUMMA RABBA SHAHRI RAMAZ’AANAL LAD’EE ANZALTA FEEHIL QUR-AANA WAFTARAZ’TA A’LAA I’BAADIKA FEEHlS S’IYAAMA S’ALLI A’LAA MUH’AMMADIN WA AALI MUHAMMAD WARZUQNEE H’AJJA BAYTIKAL H’ARAAM FEE A’AMEE HAAD’AA WA FEE KULLI A’AM WAGHFIR LEE TILKAD’D'UNOOBAL I’Z'AAM FA-INNAHOO LAA YAGHFIRUHAA GHAYRUKA YAA RAH’MAAN YAA A’LLAAM
O Allah, the Lord, (this is) the month of Ramazan, in it Thou revealed the Holy Quran, and in it made obligatory “fasting” upon Thy servants, send blessings on Muhammad and on the children of Muhammad, and provide us with the means to go to Thy Sacred House for “Hajj” this year and every year; and in this month forgive my grave sins, verily, other than Thee, no one can liberate (me) from its consequences, O Beneficent, O Omniscient.
Recite Soorah Al-Qadr.
Give alms in the name of Allah.
ajib prayer during Ramzan
Ya Ali-o Ya Azeem-o Ya Ghafoor-o Ya Raheem
Anta rabbul azeemul lazi
laisa kamislehi shaeun
wa huas-sami ul baseer
Wa haza shahrun az-zamtahu wa kar-ramtahu
wa shar-raftahu wa faz-zaltahu alash-shahoorr
wa huash-shahrul-lazi farazta sayamahu alaiyya
wa hua shahru ramazan al-lazi anzalta feehil quran
huddal-lin-naase wa bayyanatim-min al huda wal furqan
wa ja-alta feehe lailatal-qadre
wa ja-altaha khairum-mil alfis-shahr
fayazal man-ne wa la yuman-nu alaika munna
alaiy-ya befikaake raqebati minan-naar
feeman tamun-nu alaihe wa adkhilnil jannah
be rahmateka ya arhamar-rahimeen
O High, O Mighty, O Forgiver, O Merciful,
You are the Mighty Lord,
who has none like Him,
and He is the All Hearing, the All Seeing.
This is a month which You have made; exalted, honored, ennobled and excelled over the other months.
It is the month in which You have made fasting obligatory on me, and it is the month of Ramadhan, in which You sent down the Qur’an, a guidance for mankind, having clear signs of guidance and distinction. You have placed in it the night of power, and made it better than a thousand months. O One who favours, and none favours You, favour me by saving me from the fire, amongst the ones You favour, and make me enter Heaven, by Your mercy,
O the most Merciful
Another dua after every Wajib prayer during Ramzan
Prophet Mohammad(pbuh&hf) has said that whoever recites this dua after every wajib prayer during Ramzan, his/her previous sins would be forgiven by Allah(swt). Here is the dua:
Allahumma Salle ala Mohammadin wa aale Mohammad
Allahumma adkhil ala ahlil qabooris-suroor
Allahumma aghne kulle faqeer
Allahumma ashbe kulle jaeyin
Allahummaksu kulla uryanin
Allahummaqze daina kulle madyunin
Allahumma far-rij an kulli makroobin
Allahumma rudda julla ghareebin
Allahumma fukka kulla aseerin
Allahumma asleh kulla fasidim-min umooril muslimeen
Allahummashfe kulla mareez
Allahumma sudda faqrana be ghinaka
Allahumma ghayyer sooaa halina behusne halik
Allahummaqze an-nad-deena wa aghnina minal faqr
Innaka ala kulle shaiyin qadeer
O Allah! bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad.
O Allah! gladden the people of the graves,
O Allah! enrich every poor person,
O Allah! satisfy every hungry one,
O Allah! clothe every unclothed one,
O Allah! help every debtor pay his debts,
O Allah! relieve every distressed one,
O Allah! return every traveller (to his home),
O Allah! release every prisoner,
O Allah! correct every wrong in the affairs of the Muslims,
O Allah! cure every sick one,
O Allah! ease our poverty by Your wealth,
O Allah! change our evil state to a good one through Your excellent state,
O Allah! relieve us of our debts, and help us against poverty,
Surely You have power over all things
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