English
Tuesday 17th of January 2017
History of Islam

The Struggle for Power (4) After The Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H and Famliy)

When Abu Bakr was acknowledged khalifa in Saqifa, he, Umar bin al-Khattab and Abu Obaida bin al-Jarrah returned to the Mosque of the Prophet. In the Mosque there were many people, among them, members of the clan of Umayya; Saad bin Abi Waqqas; Abdur Rahman bin Auf; and some other Muhajireen.Seeing them huddled in little clusters, Umar shouted: “Abu Bakr has been elected khalifa of the Muslims. Now all of you here give him your pledge of ...

A Critique of Saqifa

Muhammad ibn Ishaq, the biographer of the Prophet of Islam, writes in his Seera (Life of the Messenger of God):Umar said: “And lo, they (the Ansar) were trying to cut us off from our origin and wrest authority from us. When he (an Ansari) had finished (his speech), I wanted to speak, for I had prepared a speech in my mind which pleased me much. I wanted to produce it before Abu Bakr and I was trying to soften a certain asperity of his; but ...

Saqifa and the Logic of History

In these series of article, I had called attention of the reader to the tendency and the readiness of most of the Orientalists, to accept, at face value, many of the false statements and spurious claims which were put into circulation, long ago, by the historians who were on the “payroll” of the governments of Damascus and Baghdad – both heirs to the government of Saqifa.There is, for example, a consensus among them that ...

Who was Yazid?

In order to learn more clearly as to how far the views expressed by Imam Hussain (A.S) about Yazid are indisputable according to the history of Islam, one should refer to the following remarks of Mas'udi in respect of Yazid."Yazid was a pleasure-seeking person. He was a man, who kept beasts of prey. He had dogs, monkeys and panthers. He always arranged wine-drinking parties. One day after the martyrdom of Imam Hussain (A.S) while he was sitting ...

Hazrat Ibrahim and the Old Man

n the Middle East there is a land known as Palestine. Long before, in this land there lived a very great prophet. Prophet is a messenger of Allah. He has been chosen by Allah Himself to teach people religion, good thoughts and good deeds. The name of this great prophet was Hazrat Ibrahim. (He is also known as Abraham in the Bible). He had come to Palestine from Iraq.Hazrat Ibrahim was very fond of guests. He liked to invite guests to his house. ...

An Account of Dhu’l-Qarnayn

Al-Qutb al-Rawandi mentions that his name was Ayaash, and that after Nuh he was the first ruler whose kingdom included (all) the countries of the east and west. It must be clarified that there is a difference of opinion among the historians and commentators whether Dhu’l-Qarnayn was same as Alexander of Rome. According to authentic traditions it wasn’t so.Whether he was a Prophet or not is another point of difference. Actually he was ...

Academics Discuss Problems to Study Islam

Interpreting Islam edited by Hastings Donnan. Pub: Sage Publications, London, 2002. Pp: 196. Pbk: £18.95.By Laila JumaThis small volume, fewer than 200 pages, is timely, coming soon after the September 11 attacks, which have brought Islam to the forefront of many minds in the West. Unlike many books rushed into the bookstores during the last few months, this is not an attempt to explain Islam to the uninformed (often by the uninformed); ...

A List of “Firsts” in Islam

Someone in Islam was the first man or the first woman to do or to say something, and this made him or her a pioneer. Following is a list of some of the deeds which made their authors “pioneers.” The list, of course, is not by any means exhaustive.(1). Hashim, the great-grandfather of Muhammad ibn Abdullah and Ali ibn Abi Talib,inaugurated the mercantile system of Hijaz, which, for those times, was a revolution in the economic life of ...

Important Events of Rabi' al-Awwal

1st night (the night before the first day of Rabi-ul-Awwal) is the night whe seal of the prophets Hazrat Muhammad (peace of Allah be upon him and his progeny) migrated from Mecca to Medina . At that moment his eyes were filled with tears because love with native land has been termed a part of Emaan (faith/belief).A plot to assassinate the Holy prophet was made by polytheists tribes. Holy prophet, Ba hukme ilahi (by the command of Allah), Put ...

Sermon of Lady Zaynab in the Court of Yazid

 Now we propose to study the sermon of lady Zaynab which she delivered in the court of Yazid and which is recorded in a book written in the third century A.H. [1]Yazid recited the blasphemous poetic verses of Abdullah bin Zab'ari Sahmi which he had composed while he was an unbeliever and also added some poetic verses of his own and said openly that he wanted to take revenge upon the descendants of Muhammad because Muhammad and his ...

The Great Martyrs of Karbala

Hujjat al-Islam Syed Zaki BaqueriWhat is raining? Blood.Who? The eyes.How? Day and night.Why? From grief.Grief for whom? Grief for the king of Karbala .-QaaniThis poem, in its marvelous style of question and answer, conveys much of the dramatic events and the feelings a pious Muslim experiences when thinking of the martyrdom of the Prophet's beloved grandson at the hands of the Umayyad troops."For this is the day the Lord God hosts a day of ...

Islamic History – Should we take offense when History is debated?

I must confess that this notion of taboo – this concept that we ought to extend a lid onto our religious heritage is difficult to grasp when one of the founding principles of Islam is knowledge. I would like here to make absolutely clear that I personally do not claim to any truth, except that which our Prophet Muhammad, and all prophets before him, made apparent. Whatever beliefs I have, whatever tradition I hold, I claim only for ...

Prophet Solomon (Sulaiman), the King Prophet

For the guidance of mankind, Allah honored four famous Prophets by revealing to them four Holy Books as under:1) Taurat to Prophet Moses (Musa).2) Zaboor (Psalms) To Prophet David (Dawood).3) Injeel (Evangel) To Prophet Jesus (Isa).4) Quran to Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H&H.P). The commandments of Allah are contained in these books. The first three books were for the earlier times. The Holy Qur’an is the last book of God and is for the ...

Prophet Saleh (A.S)

The tribe of Thamud was living happily in the land of Hajar which was located between Syria and Hejaz. They were enjoying the green gardens, big springs and rivers, the productive land and beneficial animals of this country. But gradually idolatry and corruption got over spread among the people of this tribe and consequently God appointed Saleh, a pious man of a noble and respectful family in Hajar, who was quite well-known for his knowledge and ...

A Brief Account of the Twelve Successors of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.)

The First ImamAmirul Momineen Ali (a.s.)Father: Abu Talib bin Abdul Muttalib bin Hashim.Mother: Fatimah bint Asad bin Hashim bin Abd Munaf.Kunniyat (Patronymic): Abul Hasan and Husayn, Abu TurabLaqab (Title): Al-Wasi, Amir al-Mu'mininBirth: He was born in the Ka'ba [1] , in thirty 'Am al-Fil (the year of the elephant).Martyrdom: He was martyred by the Khwariji named Abd al-Rahman ibn Muljam at Kufa during the month of Ramadhan in the fortieth ...

Spread of Tashayyu' and Beginning of Shi'ite Historiography during the Safawid Era

It should be noted that during the Safawid period, part of the historiography is related to the recording of historical developments of the Safawid State. We do not intend to describe such compilations whose outstanding examples are the different 'Alam Ara-s[65] and the Khula-sah al-Tawa-ri-kh. We only intend to point out those historical books that exclusively deal with the history of the advent of Islam, such as the biography of Prophet ...

The Holy Shrines at Kadhmayn

Anyone approaching Baghdad from the north or the west will be impressed by the sight of the four golden minarets at Kadhmayn, the Shrine of the Two Imams, Imam Musa al-Kadhim and Imam Muhammad Taqi al-Jawad, peace be upon them. They are respectively the Seventh and the Ninth of the Twelve Imams, at whose tombs we are accustomed to seek healing and to invoke their intercession for the forgiveness of our sins and the fulfilment of our needs.The ...

Important Events after Ashura

The Night of the TenthThat night, the sky was red like blood. It was the hardest night for the family of the Prophet. In the emptiness of the desert, they faced the darkness and loneliness of night. During the night, they could hear a voice coining from the darkness. The disguised person recited the following lines of poetry:"O those who killed Imam Husayn!Be prepared for the punishmentYou are cursed by every Prophet and every religion.This was ...

Persecution between 64 to 85 AH, by Marwan and his son Abdul Melik

Marwan could control only Syria and Palestine at first. After the martyrdom of Muhammad bin Abu Bakr, Egypt also came under his rule. The notorious Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad was his commander in chief, and persons like Umar bin Sa’d, Hussayn bin Numair, Shimr bin Thil Joushan, and other such cruel and tyrannous persons were heading the divisions of the army and cavalry. However, Marwan lived hardly for a year after coming into ...

Shaykh Tusi: Father of Shia Jurisprudence

Such An Intelligent Youth Whose Fame Regarding His Foresight Would Endure ForeverMuhammad ibn Tusi, famous as Shaykh Tusi is the most well known jurist and Mujtahid of the Shias who lived during the first half of the 5th century A.H. He was originally an inhabitant of Tus and was born there in 385 A.H. He received primary education in his homeland of Iran and after that he moved to Baghdad for higher studies.During those times Baghdad was the ...